Analysis

Analysis

National Identity and 3 of the Most Damaging Directives in President Trump’s Executive Orders on Immigration and Refugees

President Trump’s “shock and awe” strategy in the form of multiple executive orders on immigration and refugees creates three major risks: first, that many of the most damaging provisions will evade scrutiny in the glare of more high profile issues like building an unnecessary and unsustainable 2,000 mile border wall; second, that the cynical rationale for the orders (security and safety) will actually stick, if repeated enough times, and; third, that some portion of this agenda may actually be implemented at permanent cost to our nation’s well-being, core values and identity. ...

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Trump’s Executive Orders on Migration and Security: Policy Incompetence, Political Theater or Ideological Pivot?

The first week of the new Trump administration was a turbulent one, marked by a flurry of Presidential Executive Orders, Memoranda and Proclamations. Three of the Executive Orders focused on issues of migration and security, and have attracted much media coverage as well as widespread protests. On Wednesday January 25th......

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The Catholic Church’s Commitment to Immigrants and Refugees at the Dawn of the Trump Era

Donald Kerwin, CMS' Executive Director, reflects on the 2016 Catholic Immigrant Integration Initiative Conference and the Catholic Church's commitment to migrants and refugees as President Trump takes offices....

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“Make America Great Again”… Again?

In this essay, Alan M. Kraut, University Professor of History at American University, traces the origin of the “Make America Great Again” slogan to nativists of the early 20th century....

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The EU Agreement with Turkey: Does it Jeopardize Refugees’ Rights?

On March 7, 2016, the European Union (EU) and Turkey drew up an agreement for cooperation with the aim of reducing the flow of migrants and refugees — mostly Syrian — crossing the Aegean Sea and taking the Balkan route to arrive in Europe. This essay discusses how the EU-Turkey agreement violates the body of rights and obligations that apply to all EU member states and the international conventions regarding asylum. ...

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Mainstreaming Involuntary Migration in Development Policies

This essay addresses the issue of how best to insert migration concerns into development planning, as a part of a process of thinking more broadly about US migration policies and interests....

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Migrants and Refugees in Pope Francis’s Transformative Vision of Church and Society

The 2016 Father Lydio F. Tomasi, c.s. Annual Lecture delivered by Allan Figueroa Deck, SJ, Distinguished Scholar in Pastoral Theology and Latino Studies and Professor of Theological Studies at Loyola Marymount University, on November 28, 2016 at the fourth national gathering of the Catholic Immigrant Integration Initiative in San Diego, California....

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The Global Compact on Safe, Orderly, and Regular Migration: Issues to Consider

The adoption of the New York Declaration on the Large Movements of Refugees and Migrants by the United Nations (UN) General Assembly on September 19 has launched a new process to negotiate two compacts by 2018: the Global Compact on Refugees and the Global Compact on Safe, Orderly, and Regular Migration (hereinafter referred to as the Global Compact on Migration). Agreeing to a new Global Compact on Refugees should be challenging enough, but reaching an agreement on a Global Compact on Migration will require skill, patience, and, above all, compromise…

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A Faith-Based Reflection on the Global Crisis in Refugee Protection

This essay will offer a reflection on the global crisis in refugee protection from a faith perspective. It comes at a time of great uncertainty regarding the US and global response to refugees, a moment that returns us to our religious traditions and to a renewed sense of wonder at the gift of human dignity and God’s mysterious presence in refugees, migrants and newcomers....

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New Data and Analysis Confirms Stable Growth in Immigration

This report reviews the latest information available about the growth of the foreign-born population and provides information about recently arrived temporary residents in the population. Foreign-born population growth, legal and undocumented, as well as new arrivals, have remained fairly stable over the past few years....

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The Roots of Central America’s Exodus

Kevin Casas-Zamora, Senior Fellow and Program Director at The Inter-American Dialogue, delivered this address at the DACOR Bacon House Foundation 2016 Annual Conference “The Challenges of Contemporary Mass Migration.” In his speech, Casas-Zamora discusses the structural problems affecting the Northern Triangle countries of Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador causing emigration, particularly by children and family units....

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Surge in Immigration in 2014 and 2015? The Evidence Remains Illusory

Robert Warren, CMS’s Senior Visiting Fellow, conducts a detailed analysis of immigration to the United States in 2014 and 2015, refuting claims of a surge in undocumented immigration....

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On Climate Change, Migration and Policy

Thank you for the opportunity to speak with you today. It’s an honor to be asked to fill in for Walter Kälin, with whom I worked closely when we served as co-directors of the Brookings-Bern Project on Internal Displacement for four years. Today I would like to talk about some......

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Nativism, An American Perennial

Anti-immigrant sentiment in the United States is an international story these days. During the question and answer session following a lecture on the history of migration to the United States that I recently delivered to an international group of educators, I was struck by how many of them expressed puzzlement......

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“Empathy and a Sense of Responsibility Motivate Communities Around the World to Help Refugees”

We’re about to commemorate another World Refugee Day. While we all hope for peace, millions languish and remain on the move: 263,000 Burundi refugees, 987,000 refugees and IDPs [internally displaced persons] fleeing violence in Central African Republic, and then more than twice as many from the Democratic Republic of the......

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“Accepting Refugees from the Middle East is a Test of Our Nation’s Values”

Thank you for the kind introduction. I am very grateful for the opportunity to be here today at this event to discuss our obligations as a nation and global community to our brothers and sisters fleeing violence in the Middle East. I have traveled extensively in that part of the......

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Due Process for Immigrant Children and Families: More Than Legal Representation

The due process clause is one of America’s great inspirations, one of its better angels. Indeed, the clause’s birth in 1868 — over presidential veto by Andrew Johnson and conjoined with the equal protection and birthright citizenship provisions — firmly rooted it at the center of the American legal experience......

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Treating Syrian Refugees as a National Security Threat: Do the Means Fit the End?

Syrians represent one in five of the world’s nearly 60 million forcibly displaced persons. In November 2015, 13.5 million Syrian residents needed humanitarian aid, 6.5 million were internally displaced and almost 400,000 lived in besieged regions. More than 4.6 million Syrians have been registered as refugees in Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan,......

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Advancing Immigrant Integration, Well-Being and Empowerment

Allow me first to thank the co-organizers of this important event – the National Partnership for New Americans and the New York Immigration Coalition – for bringing us together and for their important work on these issues over so many years.  Thanks as well to the event’s executive committee, to its sponsors......

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Immigration’s Enigma Principle: Protection and Paradox

I’m going to talk today more about prudence than about law.  In part is this because I am discouraged about the current refugee situation – not despairing, but leaning pessimistic, which is uncharacteristic for me.  The world is more dangerous, governance structures are weakening, conflict is more widespread and vicious,......

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Immigration and Communion: Building American Catholicism in the 21st Century

The 2015 Father Lydio F. Tomasi, c.s. Annual Lecture delivered by Hosffman Ospino, Ph D, Assistant Professor of Theology and Religious Education at Boston College, on October 1, 2015 at the third national gathering of the Catholic Immigrant Integration Initiative in El Paso, Texas....

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International Migration, Human Dignity, and the Challenge of Sovereignty

I want to thank the Scalabrini International Migration Network (SIMN) and Konrad Adenauer Stiftung for organizing this important gathering. We need more forums that treat migrants not as a “management” problem, but as potential agents and instruments of a more just, equitable and peaceful world. Our hosts do not only......

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The Emergence and Evolution of the Concepts of Human Rights and Human Security

The concept of human security is based on the recognition that all persons are subjects of dignity and rights. Throughout history, different schools of thought converged in the generation and evolution of the consciousness of human rights, which were formally recognized in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Although some......

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US-born Children of Undocumented Residents: Numbers and Characteristics in 2013

Introduction The constitutionally guaranteed right to US citizenship to persons born in the United States has received considerable attention in the 2016 Republican presidential campaign. A recent report [1] by the Pew Research Center describes long-term trends in births of US-born children to undocumented residents and it provides a general description......

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The Estimated Undocumented Population is 11 Million. How Do We Know?

The purpose of this report is to describe briefly the origin of the widely reported estimate of 11 million and to show why claims of much higher numbers are not credible. In other words, we address two questions: (1) how was the 11 million number derived; and (2) could the actual number possibly be 15, 20, or even 30 million? In the following section, we provide a simple framework for computing the estimate of 11 million and examine the potential range of error around each component of the estimate....

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A New Upsurge in Unauthorized Immigration from Mexico Not Likely

On August 13, the Center for Immigration Studies (CIS) released a report based on data collected in the Census Bureau’s Current Population Survey (CPS). The report, available at http://cis.org/Immigrant-Population-Hits-Record-Second-Quarter-2015, stated: “After falling or growing little in recent years, the number of Mexican immigrants again seems to be growing significantly.” The......

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A Humane Approach Can Work: The Effectiveness of Alternatives to Detention for Asylum Seekers

Introduction[*] For decades, the U.S. refugee protection system has been a symbol of the nation’s generosity and openness to the world’s persecuted.[1] Yet since Congress’ enactment of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (IIRIRA), asylum seekers arriving at the United States-Mexico border have been subject to......

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Reaching Undocumented Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders in the United States

Introduction This white paper identifies areas of need when it comes to outreach targeted at undocumented Asian American and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs). Using an innovative method developed by Warren (2014) to estimate the characteristics of the undocumented population, this paper provides a national overview of the undocumented AAPI population, a state-by-state comparison of aggregate......

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A Plan to Transform the US Immigrant Detention System
The US immigrant detention system serves two legitimate purposes, to ensure that persons in removal proceedings appear for their hearings and (if so ordered) can be deported and, in rare cases, to protect the public. Unlocking Human Dignity: A Plan...

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Immigrant Relatives of US Military Allowed to Stay
In November 2013, US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) issued a policy memorandum clarifying that federal immigration officials may “parole in place” non-criminal immigrant family members of active-duty service members, reservists and veterans of the US armed forces. The grant...

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In a new piece for the Huffington Post, CMS Executive Director Donald Kerwin explores provisions of the Corker-Hoeven amendment to the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act (S. 744) that would prevent newly legal residents from receiving up to...

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The Stateless in the United States
The proposed Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act (S. 744) includes provisions to regularize the status of stateless persons within the United States (S. 744, Sec. 3405). These provisions follow a recent report from the UN High Commissioner...

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Lessons From IRCA for the House Judiciary Committee
On May 22, 2013, the US House Judiciary Committee will hold a hearing titled “S. 744 and the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986: Lessons Learned or Mistakes Repeated?” In a new piece for The Huffington Post, CMS Executive Director Donald Kerwin...

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The Gang of 8 and Accountable Border Enforcement
Executive Director Donald Kerwin examines the proposed border enforcement reforms enumerated in The Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act (the bill introduced by the Gang of 8) for The Huffington Post. To read the full article: Donald M. Kerwin, “The Gang...

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New Estimates of Visa Overstays by State
Robert Warren, former demographer for the US Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), provides new estimates on visa overstays in a short paper entitled, “A Review of the Declining Numbers of Visa Overstays in the United States from 2000 to 2009.” These...

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Fixing Immigration Detention Through Immigration Reform
In a blog for the Huffington Post, CMS Executive Director Donald Kerwin discusses the need to repair the immigration detention system and proposes how to improve deficiencies through US immigration reform. To read the full article: Donald M. Kerwin, “Fix the Immigration Detention...

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  Press Release Contact: Rachel Reyes rreyes@cmsny.org; 212.337.3080 Released, June 26, 2012 Center for Migration Studies and Scalabrini International Migration Network Urge Congressional Action in Light of the Supreme Court’s Decision in Arizona v. United States The Center for Migration...

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On June 15, 2012, President Barack Obama announced that the so-called “DREAMers”- young people raised in the United States but without legal status – would be granted “deferred action” in two-year increments, as well as work authorization.  “Deferred action” is...

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Mainstreaming Migration: The Merits and Potential of the Migration and Development Framework

Donald Kerwin, Executive Director for the Center for Migration Studies of New York (CMS), delivered this address at a joint conference entitled, "Mainstreaming Migration into Development Planning: Assessing the Evidence, Continuing the Dialogue," co-hosted by CMS and the International Organization for Migration (IOM), in partnership with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC). ...

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The US refugee protection system has long been a source of national pride and a symbol of US openness to the world’s dispossessed.   This system seeks to enable those fleeing persecution to reach protection, while preventing terrorist and criminal infiltration;...

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A Modest Idea Becomes a More Modest Proposed Rule
CMS Executive Director Donald Kerwin spoke on January 12 in Salt Lake City at the annual meeting of the Catholic Justice for Immigrants’ (JFI) campaign.  He had been asked to speak about the Secure Communities program and the federal government’s...

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On January 9, 2012, US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) published a proposed rule for comment that would allow certain persons with approved family-based immigrant visa petitions to seek waivers in the United States for time they have spent in unlawful...

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