Labor

Labor

Leveraging the World Cup: Mega Sporting Events, Human Rights Risk, and Worker Welfare Reform in Qatar
Qatar will realize its decades-long drive to host a mega sporting event when, in 2022, the opening ceremony of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) World Cup commences. By that time, the Qatari government will have invested at least $200 billion in real estate and development projects, employing anywhere between 500,000 and 1.5 million foreign workers to do so. The scale of these preparations is staggering — and not necessarily positive. Foreign workers are subject to conditions of forced labor, human trafficking, and indefinite detention. This article examines whether it is possible for Qatar’s World Cup to forge a different legacy, as an agent of change on behalf of worker welfare reform. First, it locates the policy problem of worker abuses in the context of the migration life cycle. Second, the article frames worker welfare as a matter that lies at the intersection of business and human rights. Ultimately, this paper outlines four policy proposals that may be undertaken by countries of origin, nongovernmental organizations, international organizations, and Qatari employers: (1) the development of a list of labor-supply agencies committed to ethical recruitment practices; (2) the devising of low-interest, preferential loans for migrants considering employment in Qatar; (3) the establishment of a resource center to serve as a one-stop shop for migrant information and services; and (4) the creation of training programs to aid migrants upon their return home. The above four policy proposals constitute a process-specific, rather than actor-specific, approach to reform aimed at capitalizing on the spotlight of the World Cup to bring about lasting, positive change in Qatar’s migrant labor practices.

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The Global Compact on Safe, Orderly, and Regular Migration: Issues to Consider

The adoption of the New York Declaration on the Large Movements of Refugees and Migrants by the United Nations (UN) General Assembly on September 19 has launched a new process to negotiate two compacts by 2018: the Global Compact on Refugees and the Global Compact on Safe, Orderly, and Regular Migration (hereinafter referred to as the Global Compact on Migration). Agreeing to a new Global Compact on Refugees should be challenging enough, but reaching an agreement on a Global Compact on Migration will require skill, patience, and, above all, compromise…

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2016 Academic & Policy Symposium | Session III
This video features the keynote by Susan Martin (Georgetown University) on "Revisiting Past Blue Ribbon Commissions on Immigration: Their Assumptions, Findings and Recommendations, and What Has Changed in the Interim." The Most Rev. Nicholas DiMarzio, Bishop of Brooklyn moderates, and Austin Fragomen (Fragomen Worldwide) and Charles Wheeler (Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc.) respond.

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New from IMR: Immigrant Experiences in North America, Western Europe and Australia

The fall 2016 edition of the International Migration Review (IMR) is now available online and in print through paid or institutional subscription. This edition includes a series of papers on immigrants in Western Europe, including a paper on the educational performance of immigrants in Western European countries and papers  on variables that influence anti-immigrant attitudes. Other articles explore immigrant experiences in North America and Australia, including participation in unions, educational expectations and attainment, health, and factors that help or hinder US undocumented youth in applying for temporary relief from deportation through Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program. The edition also includes eight new book reviews which, as always, are open access (freely available) for three years from the date of publication.

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Keumjae Park of William Patterson University reviews Global Talent: Skilled Labor as Social Capital in Korea, by Bi-Wook Shin and Joon Nak Choi. The book examines how South Korea can work against its impending “brain drain” crisis by exploring four different groups of...

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