Stateless

Stateless

JMHS Special Collection | The US Refugee Protection System on the 35th Anniversary of the Refugee Act of 1980
The Center for Migration Studies (CMS) released, The US Refugee Protection System on the 35th Anniversary of the RefugeeAct of 1980: A Comprehensive Assessment of the System’s Strengths, Limitations,and Need for Reform, a special edition of CMS’s Journal on Migration and Human Security (JMHS). Authored by leading experts, the collection of 11 papers offers an exhaustive assessment and critique of the US refugee protection system, covering refugees, asylum seekers and refugee-like populations in need of protection. The series attempts to bring concentrated academic and policy attention to this pillar of US immigration and humanitarian programs and the broader international refugee protection system. The papers cover access to protection, refugee resettlement, political asylum, temporary protection, the stateless, migrants in crisis situations, unaccompanied minors, and other populations at risk.

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Stateless persons face gaps in protection and in many cases experience persecution that falls within the refugee paradigm. However, US asylum policy does not adequately address the myriad legal problems that confront the stateless, who have been largely invisible in the jurisprudence and academic literature. This article analyzes two federal appellate court opinions that shed new light on the intersection of statelessness and refugee law in the United States. It makes recommendations for developing legislative, regulatory and other policy guidance concerning statelessness claims.

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Birthright citizenship regimes are common in the Americas. However, birthright citizenship has been hotly contested in the United States and the Dominican Republic. In the Dominican Republic, the historical construction of national identity and anti-Haitian discourse has motivated a shift in law to deny citizenship to Dominican-born children of Haitian descent. In the United States, proposals to revoke birthright citizenship for the children of unauthorized immigrants stand little chance of success, but have nonetheless shifted the parameters of the immigration debate. The DREAMers in the United States and youth movements in the Dominican Republic seek to broaden concepts of societal belonging and membership, which may be the most effective way to safeguard birthright citizenship regimes.

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CMSOnAir | Pelenise Alofa on Climate Change Migration
Warming temperatures, increasing rainfall, ocean acidification, and rising sea levels are threatening the 33 islands of the Kiribati (pronounced Kee-ree-bas) nation (Office of the President, Republic of Kiribati n.d.a).  The islands, which spread across the central Pacific Ocean, barely exceed...

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