On October 17, 2019, the Center for Migration Studies held its annual academic and policy symposium from 8:30AM to 5:00PM at the law offices of Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson LLP (One New York Plaza / 1 FDR Drive, New York, NY). Leading scholars, policy experts, and practitioners examined the interplay between border externalization and enforcement policies and refugee protection in the United States and throughout the world. Particular attention was paid to the protection of women and children and to protracted refugee situations. The event featured a keynote address by T. Alexander Aleinikoff, Director of the Zolberg Institute on Migration and Mobility, about new directions for forced migration policy studies. The keynote address was followed by panels of distinguished experts on refugee protection and on interception, enforcement and deterrence policies. This was CMS’s sixth annual academic and policy conference, celebrating the work of leading scholars and thinkers on international migration.