Summer 2022

New from IMR: Wage Gaps, Labor Market Performance, and Immigrant Incorporation

Editorial credit: MICKIE.K / Shutterstock.com

New from IMR: Wage Gaps, Labor Market Performance, and Immigrant Incorporation

The Summer 2022 edition of the International Migration Review (IMR) is now available online and in print through paid or institutional subscription. This edition is thematically sorted into four sections. The first section examines immigrant wage gaps and labor market performance in Europe. The second discusses native-immigrant comparisons in neighborhoods, workplaces, and education. The third section has articles about cultural attitudes, cultural frames, and immigrant incorporation. The fourth focuses on migration decisions, development, and networks. Lastly, this edition includes 11 book reviews, which are free to access.

Trajectories of Spatial Assimilation or Place Stratification? A Typology of Residence and Workplace Histories of Newly Arrived Migrants in Sweden
Guilherme Kenji Chilhaya, Szymon Marcińczak, Magnus Strömgren, Urban Lindgren, and Tiit Tammaru

In most societies, resources and opportunities are concentrated in neighborhoods and workplaces occupied by the host population. Spatial assimilation and place stratification theories propose trajectories (i.e., sequences of events) leading to minority and migrant access to or exclusion from these advantageous places. However, most previous research on these theories did not ask whether such theorized trajectories actually occur. The authors here apply sequence analysis to decade-long residence and workplace histories of newly arrived migrants in Sweden to identify a typology of combined residence-work trajectories. The seven types of trajectories in their typology are characterized by varying degrees of proximity to the host population in residential neighborhoods and workplaces and by different patterns of change in such proximity over time. The pivotal role of socioeconomic gains, posited by spatial assimilation theory, is not supported, as the authors did not find that migrant employment precedes residence alongside the host population. The importance of housing-market discrimination for migrants’ exclusion from host-dominated spaces, posited by place stratification theory, is only weakly supported, as the authors find that migrants from less affluent countries accumulate disadvantage over time, likely due to discrimination in both the labor and housing markets. The findings presented in this article also underscore the need for new theories explaining migrant residential outcomes which apply to contexts where migrant-dense neighborhoods are still forming.

Mobile Phone Network and Migration: Evidence from Myanmar
Jorge Garcia Hombrados, Riccardo Ciacci, and Ayesha Zainudeen 

This IMR Research Note explores the effect of the expansion of mobile phone networks on migration decisions in Myanmar. Building on the work of scholars in economics, the empirical strategy uses variation in lightning frequency across space as an instrumental variable for the expansion of mobile phone networks. The authors’ results suggest that villages with longer exposure to mobile phone networks exhibit reductions in out-migration. Specifically, an increase of one standard deviation in the time exposed to mobile phone networks diminishes the probability that household members migrate by 17 percent. The authors suggest that such findings are driven by the positive effects of mobile phone networks on labor market outcomes and the perceived well-being of individuals.

IMMIGRANT WAGE GAPS AND LABOR MARKET PERFORMANCE IN EUROPE

Which integration policies work? The heterogeneous impact of national institutions on immigrants’ labor market attainment in Europe
Lucinda Platt, Javier Polavieja, and Jonas Radl

Does Personality Matter? Non-Cognitive Skills and the Male Migrant Wage Gap in Germany
Marie-Christine Laible and Hanna Brenzel 

Wages of Skilled Migrant and Native Employees in Germany: New Light on an Old Issue
Stephan Brunow and Oskar Jost 

NATIVE-IMMIGRANT COMPARISONS IN NEIGHBORHOODS, WORKPLACES, AND EDUCATION

Trajectories of Spatial Assimilation or Place Stratification? A Typology of Residence and Workplace Histories of Newly Arrived Migrants in Sweden
Guilherme Kenji Chilhaya, Szymon Marcińczak, Magnus Strömgren, Urban Lindgren, and Tiit Tammaru

The Life Course Origins of the Immigrant Advantage? Parental Nativity, Parental Education, and Academic Achievement Gaps from Kindergarten to High School in the United States
Tate Kihara

CULTURAL ATTITUDES, CULTURAL FRAMES, AND IMMIGRANT INCORPORATION

National Cultural Frames and Muslims’ Economic Incorporation: A Comparison of France and Canada
Jeffrey G. Reitz, Emily Laxer, and Patrick Simon 

What Shapes Attitudes Toward Homosexuality among European Muslims? The Role of Religiosity and Destination Hostility
Antje Röder and Niels Spierings 

Foreign Accents in the Early Hiring Process: A Field Experiment on Accent-Related Ethnic Discrimination in Germany
Miriam Schmaus and Cornelia Kristen 

MIGRATION DECISIONS, DEVELOPMENT, AND NETWORKS

Mobile Phone Network and Migration: Evidence from Myanmar
Jorge Garcia Hombrados, Riccardo Ciacci, and Ayesha Zainudeen 

Food Insecurity and International Migration Flows
Michael D. Smith and Dennis Wesselbaum 

BOOK REVIEWS

New year, new plans for IMR’s book review section
Letter from IMR Book Review Editor, Katharina Natter

What Do We Owe to Refugees?
David Owen
Reviewed by Mirjam A. Twigt

Bootlegged Aliens: Immigration Politics on America’s Northern Border 
Ashley Johnson Bavery
Reviewed by Julie E.E. Young

Transnational Identity and Memory Making in the Lives of Iraqi Women in the Diaspora 
Nadia Jones-Gailani
Reviewed by Oula Kadhum

The Migrant Diaries 
Lynne Jones
Reviewed by Brenna Foley

Time and Migration: How Long-Term Taiwanese Migrants Negotiate Later Life
Ken Chih-Yan Sun
Reviewed by Herbert C. Northcott

Unwanted: Italian and Jewish Mobilization against Restrictive Immigration Laws 1882-1965
Maddalena Marinari
Reviewed by Sarah H. Salter

The Death of Asylum: Hidden Geographies of the Enforcement Archipelago 
Alison Mountz
Reviewed by Mary Gilmartin

The Outside: Migration as Life in Morocco
Alice Elliot
Reviewed by Lorena Gazzotti

Island of Hope: Migration and Solidarity in the Mediterranean
Megan Carney
Reviewed by Giusa Caterina 

Jungle Passports: Fence, Mobility, and Citizenship at the Northeast India-Bangladesh Border
Malini Sur
Reviewed by Md Azmeary Ferdoush

Migration and Hybrid Political Regimes: Navigating the Legal Landscape in Russia
Rustamjon Urinboyev
Reviewed by Olga Tkach

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