New from IMR: The Deteriorating Health of US Hispanics, the Occupation Cost for the US Undocumented and the Paradox of Immigration Policies
October 30, 2015
The Summer 2015 and Fall 2015 editions of the International Migration Review (IMR) – the premier interdisciplinary, peer-reviewed journal in the field of international migration, ethnic group relations and refugee movements – are now available in print and online by subscription or by purchasing instant access for individual articles.
Highlights from these editions include:
Negative Acculturation and Nothing More? Cumulative Disadvantage and Mortality during the Immigrant Adaptation Process among Latinos in the United States
Fernando Riosmena, Bethany G. Everett, Richard G. Rogers and Jeff A. Dennis
In this article, the authors examine how the health of foreign- and US-born Hispanics deteriorates with increasing exposure to mainstream US society. Negative acculturation — i.e., acquiring mainstream US cultural traits that have negative health effects — has become the primary explanation for Hispanic health deterioration in the United States. This study, however, presents evidence suggesting that acquiring US cultural traits is not the main explanation for health deterioration among US Hispanics. For example, English language acquisition, which is considered a key indicator of Hispanic acculturation in the United States, is positively correlated with survival outcomes. The authors conclude that cumulative disadvantages in structural factors such as employment levels, types of occupations and educational attainment must be considered alongside acculturation in order to fully explain health deterioration among Hispanics in the United States.
To read more, visit http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imre.12102/abstract.
The Occupational Cost of Being Illegal in the United States: Legal Status, Job Hazards, and Compensating Differentials
Matthew Hall and Emily Greenman
It is commonly assumed that undocumented immigrant workers are concentrated in the most dangerous, hazardous, or otherwise unappealing jobs in US labor markets, though little empirical work has addressed this topic. In this study, the authors explore how differences in racial and legal status relate to occupational risk. The findings indicate that undocumented workers face greater exposure to occupational hazards — including higher levels of physical strain, exposure to heights and repetitive motions. However, they are less exposed than native workers to some of the potentially most dangerous environments. The authors also show that undocumented workers are rewarded less for employment in hazardous settings, receiving comparatively poor compensation for working in jobs with high fatality, toxic materials or exposure to heights. Overall, this study suggests that legal status plays an important role in determining exposure to job hazards and in structuring the wage returns to risky work.
To read more, visit http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imre.12090/abstract.
Additional original articles also available in the Summer 2015 issue:
English-Language Proficiency among Israeli Jews and Palestinian Arabs in the United States, 1980–2000
Racialized Incorporation: The Effects of Race and Generational Status on Self-Employment and Industry-Sector Prestige in the United States
Ali R. Chaudhary
Do Pathways Matter? Linking Early Immigrant Employment Sequences and Later Economic Outcomes: Evidence from Canada
Recent Immigration to Canada and the United States: A Mixed Tale of Relative Selection
Neeraj Kaushal and Yao Lu
Destination Choices of Recent Pan–American Migrants: Opportunities, Costs, and Migrant Selectivity
Turning the Immigration Policy Paradox Upside Down? Populist Liberalism and Discursive Gaps in South America
Diego Acosta Arcarazo and Luisa Feline Freier
Many Western countries have long had immigration policies that officially reject but covertly accept irregular migrants, resulting in a kind of “immigration policy paradox.” In South America, however, a liberal discourse of universally welcoming all immigrants has replaced formally restrictive immigration policies. But contrary to the universality of rights claimed in their discourses, laws and policies, in practice South American governments reject the increasing amount of irregular migration from Africa, Asia and the Caribbean to varying degrees. This paper explores this “reverse immigration policy paradox” in which recent immigration policies in South America officially welcome but covertly reject irregular migrants. The analysis reveals substantial variation in the degree to which law and policy outcomes in South American countries actually reflect the discourse of immigration policy liberalization. Both Ecuador and Brazil, for example, are found to have immigration systems in which restrictive actions clash with liberal policy discourses. In Argentina, on the other hand, policy is more consistent with a welcoming, liberal immigration discourse.
Download this article for free at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/imre.12146/abstract.
Additional original articles also available in the Fall 2015 issue:
Conceptualizing and Measuring Immigration Policies: A Comparative Perspective
Liv Bjerre, Marc Helbling, Friederike Römer and Malisa Zobel
The “Tiering” of Citizenship and Residency and the “Hierarchization” of Migrant Communities: The United Arab Emirates in Historical Context
Manal A. Jamal
A Local Dimension of Integration Policies? A Comparative Study of Berlin, Malmö, and Rotterdam
Rianne Dekker, Henrik Emilsson, Bernhard Krieger and Peter Scholten
The Impact of Temporary Migration on Source Countries
Nicola Cantore and Massimiliano Calì
Has Opposition to Immigration Increased in the United States after the Economic Crisis? An Experimental Approach
Mathew J. Creighton, Amaney Jamal and Natalia C. Malancu
Kick It Like Özil? Decomposing the Native-Migrant Education Gap
Annabelle Krause, Ulf Rinne and Simone Schüller
From Multiracial Subjects to Multicultural Citizens: Social Stratification and Ethnic and Racial Classification among Children of Immigrants in the United Kingdom
Christel Kesler and Luisa Farah Schwartzman
New IMR book reviews are also available. IMR book reviews are available for free for three years from the date of the review’s publication.
The Third Asiatic Invasion: Empire and Migration in Filipino America, 1898–1946
No Undocumented Child Left Behind: Plyler v. Doe and the Education of Undocumented Schoolchildren
Carol L. Schmid
Undocumented Dominican Migration
Goodbye, Brazil: Émigrés from the Land of Soccer and Samba
Carlos Eduardo Siqueira
The Global Spread of Fertility Decline: Population, Fear, and Uncertainty
The International Handbook on Gender, Migration, and Transnationalism
Working Lives: Gender, Migration, and Employment in Britain, 1945–2007
Malene H. Jacobsen
Pregnant on Arrival: Making the Illegal Immigrant
Sean H. Wang
Fragmented Fatherland: Immigration and Cold War Conflict in the Federal Republic of Germany, 1945–1980
Adam R. Seipp
Coming of Political Age: American Schools and the Civic Development of Immigrant Youth
Elizabeth S. Smith
Points of Passage. Jewish Transmigrants from Eastern Europe in Scandinavia, Germany, and Britain 1880–1914
Reaching a State of Hope: Refugees, Immigrants and the Swedish Welfare State, 1930–2000
Fresh Fruit, Broken Bodies: Migrant Farmworkers in the United States
Model Immigrants and Undesirable Aliens: The Cost of Immigration Reform in the 1990s
Canadian Liberalism and the Politics of Border Control, 1867–1967
Ethnic Historians and the Mainstream: Shaping America’s Immigration Story