Integration

Integration

The Effects of Immigration Enforcement on Faith-Based Organizations: An Analysis of the FEER Survey

This paper analyzes the impact of the Trump administration immigration policies on Catholic organizations, presenting the results of CMS’s Federal Enforcement Effect Research (FEER) Survey. It finds that US policies in the Trump era have significantly increased immigrant demand for the services provided by Catholic institutions and, in general, that these institutions have expanded their services in response. However, 59 percent of respondents – the highest total for this question – identified “fear of apprehension or deportation” as “negatively” impacting immigrants’ access to their services. In addition, 57 percent reported that immigration enforcement has “very negatively” or “somewhat negatively” affected the participation of immigrants in their programs or ministries. The FEER Survey illustrates the need for broad immigration reform. It shows that the status quo prevents immigrants from accessing the services they need and it impedes people of faith from effectively exercising their religious convictions on human dignity, protection, and service to the poor and vulnerable.

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Fixing What’s Most Broken in the US Immigration System: A Profile of the Family Members of US Citizens and Lawful Permanent Residents Mired in Multiyear Backlogs

This paper offers estimates and a profile of the 1.55 million US residents potentially eligible for a family-based immigration visa based on a qualifying relationship to a US citizen or lawful permanent resident (LPR) living in their household.  It finds that this population – which is strongly correlated to the 3.7 million persons in family-based visa backlogs – has established long and strong roots in the United States, with US-born citizen children, mortgages, health insurance, and median income and labor force participation rates that exceed those of the overall US population. The paper offers several recommendations to reduce family-based backlogs.  First, it calls for Congress to pass and the administration to implement legislation that provides a path to LPR status for persons in long-term backlogs. This legislation should: 1) define the spouses and minor unmarried children of LPRs as “immediate relatives” not subject to numerical limits, 2) not count the derivative family members of principal visa beneficiaries against per country and annual quotas, and 3) raise per country caps. The administration should also re-issue the visas of legal immigrants who emigrate each year, particularly those who formally abandon LPR status. Finally, Congress should also advance the cutoff date for the US registry program.

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Arturo Ignacio Sánchez of Barnard College reviews Barrio Dreams: Puerto Ricans, Latinos, and the Neoliberal City by Arlene Dávila.  Arlene Dávila brilliantly considers the cultural politics of urban space in this lively exploration of Puerto Rican and Latino experience in New...

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Jeannette Money of University of California, Davis reviews Defining British Citizenship. Empire, Commonwealth and Modern Britain by Rieko Karatani. Rieko Karatani seeks to explain the immigration and citizenship policies in Britain that repeatedly postponed the creation of British citizenship until 1981....

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Barbara Schmitter Heisler of Gettysburg College reviews Migration in European History by Klaus Bade.  Klaus Bade describes that since the fall of the Iron Curtain, migration has become a major cause for concern in many European countries, but migrations to,...

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Nedim Ögelman of University of Texas at Austin reviews Transnational Politics: Turks and Kurds in Germany by Eva Østergaard-Nielsen.  Eva Østergaard-Nielsen uses the Turkish and Kurdish communities in Germany as a case study, offering a unique analysis of trans-state political loyalties...

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