Creating Cohesive, Coherent Immigration Policy

Pia M. Orrenius
Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas and Institute of Labor Economics


Madeline Zavodny
Agnes Scott College and Institute of Labor Economics

Credit: Orhan Cam/Shutterstock

Creating Cohesive, Coherent Immigration Policy


US immigration policy has serious limitations, particularly when viewed from an economic perspective. Some shortcomings arise from faulty initial design, others from the inability of the system to adapt to changing circumstances. In either case, a reluctance to confront politically difficult decisions is often a contributing factor to the failure to craft laws that can stand the test of time. We argue that, as a result, some key aspects of US immigration policy are incoherent and mutually contradictory — new policies are often inconsistent with past policies and undermine their goals. Inconsistency makes policies less effective because participants in the immigration system realize that lawmakers face powerful incentives to revise policies at a later date. US policies regarding unauthorized immigration, temporary visas, and humanitarian migrants offer examples of incoherence and inconsistency. This article explores key features of an integrated, coherent immigration policy from an economic perspective and how policymakers could better attempt to achieve policy consistency across laws and over time.


Author Names

Pia M. Orrenius and Madeline Zavodny

Journal Journal on Migration and Human Security
Date of Publication 2017
Pages 180-193
DOI 10.1177/233150241700500109
Volume 5
Issue Number 1