Migration Management and Changes in Mobility Patterns in the North and Central American Region

Laurent Faret
University of Paris and CIESAS (Centro de Investigaciones y Estudios Superiores en Antropología Social)

 

María Eugenia Anguiano Téllez
El Colegio de la Frontera Norte

 

Luz Helena Rodríguez-Tapia
El Colegio de México

Editorial credit: Matt Gush / Shutterstock.com

Migration Management and Changes in Mobility Patterns in the North and Central American Region

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Since the beginning of the twenty-first century, changes have occurred in the regional dynamics of international migration and in the ways governments manage human mobility. This article argues that the migratory system connecting the three northern countries of Central America (Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras) with Mexico and the United States has not been accompanied by regional management of migratory flows. Instead, a succession of government plans and projects reveals a perspective marked by the effects of the “externalization” of US borders, leading to more complex migration routes and increased vulnerability of migrants. The article discusses how externalized control policies influence migratory spaces, routes, and timelines, and leave many stranded in transit countries before they eventually arrive at their intended destinations. Reconsidering the process of mobility in light of migration management policies would appropriately enlarge the traditional economic, social, cultural, and environmental factors that affect migration strategies.

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Author Names

Laurent Faret, María Eugenia Anguiano Téllez, Luz Helena Rodríguez-Tapia

Date of Publication May 17, 2021
DOI 10.1177/23315024211008096