TABLE | 2013 Estimated Total Number Eligible for DACA and DAPA, by State of Residence

TABLE | 2013 Estimated Total Number Eligible for DACA and DAPA, by State of Residence

The table below is the result of a project by the Center for Migration Studies (CMS) to estimate the size and characteristics of the unauthorized population in the United States at the national, state, and sub-state levels, and to make the information readily available to a wide cross-section of users.[1] To derive the estimates, a series of statistical procedures were developed based on microdata collected by the US Census Bureau in the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS). [2]

The methodology involved three major steps: (1) applying a series of “logical edits” [3] to identify as many legal residents as possible based on responses in the survey; (2) deriving separate population controls, for 145 countries or areas, for unauthorized residents counted in the 2010 ACS; and (3) using those population controls to select individual respondents in the ACS to be classified as unauthorized residents. A final set of adjustments was made to account for undercount in the ACS.

Estimated Total Number Eligible for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) and Deferred Action for Parents of Americans and Lawful Permanent Residents (DAPA), by State of Residence: 2013


U.S. total 3,887,800 U.S. total 1,518,600
Alabama 22,400 Alabama 9,600
Alaska 1,300 Alaska 100
Arizona 117,700 Arizona 45,600
Arkansas 22,400 Arkansas 7,800
California 966,900 California 407,500
Colorado 64,400 Colorado 24,600
Connecticut 37,200 Connecticut 13,300
Delaware 8,500 Delaware 1,500
D.C. 3,300 D.C. 1,000
Florida 182,400 Florida 99,000
Georgia 128,700 Georgia 44,900
Hawaii 5,700 Hawaii 4,300
Idaho 18,300 Idaho 5,900
Illinois 213,900 Illinois 74,000
Indiana 40,300 Indiana 11,800
Iowa 18,300 Iowa 9,100
Kansas 30,300 Kansas 9,400
Kentucky 13,000 Kentucky 4,600
Louisiana 14,100 Louisiana 3,100
Maine 600 Maine 500
Maryland 61,000 Maryland 23,600
Massachusetts 40,200 Massachusetts 16,300
Michigan 37,500 Michigan 10,600
Minnesota 29,400 Minnesota 12,800
Mississippi 6,600 Mississippi 900
Missouri 18,800 Missouri 7,600
Montana 500 Montana 100
Nebraska 14,600 Nebraska 4,200
Nevada 63,800 Nevada 24,800
New Hampshire 2,000 New Hampshire 1,000
New Jersey 145,700 New Jersey 55,400
New Mexico 31,700 New Mexico 17,200
New York 231,300 New York 99,200
North Carolina 125,000 North Carolina 35,200
North Dakota 1,400 North Dakota 400
Ohio 24,800 Ohio 10,800
Oklahoma 32,300 Oklahoma 10,400
Oregon 47,300 Oregon 19,400
Pennsylvania 44,100 Pennsylvania 15,900
Rhode Island 7,200 Rhode Island 5,100
South Carolina 30,600 South Carolina 10,800
South Dakota 1,000 South Dakota
Tennessee 40,500 Tennessee 12,100
Texas 684,400 Texas 262,500
Utah 33,500 Utah 12,900
Vermont 1,000 Vermont
Virginia 83,500 Virginia 29,100
Washington 102,500 Washington 32,000
West Virginia 100 West Virginia 1,200
Wisconsin 33,600 Wisconsin 9,100
Wyoming 2,200 Wyoming 100


Source: Center for Migration Studies; Warren, Robert. 2014. “Democratizing Data about Unauthorized Residents in the United States: Estimates and Public-use Data, 2010 to 2013.” Journal on Migration and Human Security 2(4): 305-28.


[1] A detailed description of the project and the methodology is available at: Robert Warren, “Democratizing Data about Unauthorized Residents in the United States: Estimates and Public-Use Data, 2010 to 2013,” Journal on Migration and Human Security 2(4): 305-28,

[2] The ACS is an annual statistical survey covering approximately one percent of the total US population. The survey provides detailed social and economic data for all states, as well as all cities, counties, metropolitan areas, and population groups of 100,000 people or more.

[3] The term “logical edit” refers to the process of determining probable legal status by examining survey data. Respondents were assigned to the legal category if they worked in occupations that generally require legal status, were legal temporary migrants, were immediate relatives of US citizens, received public benefits, were from countries where most arrivals would be refugees, or were age 60 or older at entry.

Privacy Notice

Privacy of Respondents
A number of procedures were used by the US Census Bureau to ensure privacy in the ACS public use data. In addition, the estimates are based on an approximately one percent sample; they are shown in relatively broad categories; and estimates are not shown for countries that have fewer than 1,000 estimated unauthorized residents.

These estimates are based on sample data and are subject to sampling variability as well as other possible non-sampling errors. A number of statistical adjustments were made to the actual ACS PUMS sample data, including an adjustment for undercount of the unauthorized in the ACS.  For these reasons, the estimates shown here are not comparable to the original ACS data. Because of the adjustment for undercount, in a few cases, the estimates of unauthorized residents may be near or even slightly higher than the number of noncitizens reported in the ACS. Finally, estimates of less than a few thousand should be used with caution.

See Methodology for more information on these estimates.